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Russian Adjectives are used just like in English to describe qualities to nouns, but they differ than English when it comes to their agreement with nouns. Russian adjectives must agree with the noun they modify in gender and number, also adjectives must agree in the case as well, adjectives may change their endings in each case of the six cases depending on which case the noun is using.

So to have the proper form of an adjective, you should know what case/ gender/ number is used by the noun, then form the adjective accordingly, which means that if the noun is in the accusative feminine singular, you will have to do the same with adjective.

Below is a table of a very common ending which many adjectives take:

 

Case

Masculine

Feminine

Neuter

Endings

Nominative

ый

ая

ое

ые

Accusative

Nom or Gen

ую

Nom or Gen

Nom or Gen

Genitive

ого

ой

ого

ых

Dative

ому

ой

ому

ым

Prepositional

ом

ой

ом

ых

Instrumental

ым

ой

ым

ыми

 

This is a list of adjectives:

 

List of Russian Adjectives

bad

плохой

 

long, tall

длинный

big, large

большой

 

loud

громкий

cheap

дешёвый

 

low, short

низкий

clean

чистый

 

narrow

узкий

deep

глубокий

 

near

близкий

difficult

трудный

 

old

старый

dirty

грязный

 

poor

бедный

early

ранний

 

quiet

тихий

expensive

дорогой

 

rich

богатый

far

далёкий

 

shallow

мелкий

fat

толстый

 

short

короткий

good

хороший

 

simple

простой

hard

твёрдый

 

soft

мягкий

heavy

тяжёлый

 

strong

крепкий

high, tall

высокий

 

thin

тонкий

late

поздний

 

weak

слабый

light, easy

лёгкий

 

wide

широкий

small

маленький

 

young

молодой

 

 

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Russian Adjectives, adjectives ending, Russian adjectives list.

 

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